Wildlife in Indonesia was fascinating, especially the Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra), Sumatran Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches), and Komodo Dragons (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). I didn't see as much bird life as I would have liked.

The Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) are a critically endangered species. They are endemic to the north of Sumatra, they are rarer than the Northeast Bornean Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus morio, german: Borneo-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Bornéo). There are less than 7000 individuals left. They eat mostly fruits, but will also eat insects and birds eggs. Males are up to 1.4 m (4.6 ft) tall, and weigh up to 90 kg (200 lb). They rarely get to be 50 years old.

The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Komodo Dragons (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo) are the largest lizards in the world. They also are a critically endangered species. They are endemic to the Komodo Islands. The can be up to 3 m (10 ft) long, and weigh up to 70 kg (150 lb). They live up to 30 years.

Their main food source are Flores Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis floresiensis, german: Mähnenhirsch, french: Cerf rusa) and wild pigs.

They mate between May and August. In August to September, the females lay on average 20 eggs, usually in abandoned Scrubfowl nests. They guard the nest for a few months, till the rains start and secure the nest. Total incubation is 7-8 months.

Young dragons spend the first few years in trees. While the adults are active, the young ones stay in trees, since the adults are cannibals that eat the young. They come down to forage for food later in the day when the adults rest.

Pictures of birds in Indonesia and other nature pages are separate:

Birds in Indonesia
Bird Page for Indonesia
Nature Pages
Other Nature Pages

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Fauna in Indonesia

Termite Nest Tree
Termite nest on a tree. (815k)
Strangely Shaped Termite Nest
Strangely shaped termite nest. (1218k)
Bullet Ants Nest
Bullet ants nest. (1295k)
Ants Marching Leaf
Ants marching on a leaf. (823k)
Stylommatophora (Stylommatophora fam.)
Colorful tree snail (Stylommatophora fam., german: Landlungenschnecken, french: Stylommatophores). (840k)
Butterflies Drinking Sap Tree
These butterflies were drinking sap from the tree. (888k)
Black-tipped Archduke (Lexias dirtea)
Female Black-tipped Archduke butterfly (Lexias dirtea). (860k)
Malay Cruiser (Vindula dejone)
Malay Cruiser butterfly (Vindula dejone). (1115k)
Common Bluebottle (Graphium sarpedon)
Butterflies. The smaller ones are Common Bluebottles (Graphium sarpedon, german: Kolibrifalter, french: Voilier bleu). (878k)
Archduke (Lexias aeetes)
Archduke butterfly (Lexias aeetes). (695k)
Great Eggfly (Hypolimnas bolina)
Great Eggfly butterfly (Hypolimnas bolina, german: Gewöhnliche Eierfliege). (857k)
Five-bar Swordtail (Graphium antiphates)
Five-bar Swordtail butterfly (Graphium antiphates). (802k)
Tacua speciosa (Tacua speciosa)
Tacua speciosa Cicada (Tacua speciosa). This one was very loud. (568k)
Stag Beetle (Odontolabis spectabilis)
Stag Beetle (Odontolabis spectabilis). (977k)
Cave Weta (Rhaphidophoridae gen.)
Cave Weta (Rhaphidophoridae gen., german: Höhlenschrecken, french: Sauterelles cavernicoles) with extremely long antennae. (923k)
Cave Weta (Rhaphidophoridae gen.)
Cave Weta (Rhaphidophoridae gen., german: Höhlenschrecken, french: Sauterelles cavernicoles). (750k)
Tailless Whip Scorpion (Phrynidae gen.)
Tailless Whip Scorpions (Phrynidae gen.). (794k)
Sprite (Pseudagrion sp.)
Sprite Damselfly (Pseudagrion sp.). (572k)
Skimmer (Onychothemis culminicola)
Skimmer (Onychothemis culminicola). (685k)
Green Marsh Hawk (Orthetrum sabina)
Green Marsh Hawk (Orthetrum sabina, german: Schlanker Blaupfeil, french: Orthétrum en alêne). (798k)
Scarlet Skimmer (Crocothemis servilia)
Scarlet Skimmer (Crocothemis servilia). (611k)
Tubuca (Tubuca sp.)
Fiddler Crab (Tubuca sp.). (1010k)
Lizard
Lizard. (622k)
Southeast Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator macromaculatus)
Southeast Asian Water Monitor (Varanus salvator macromaculatus, german: Bindenwaran, french: Varan malais). (947k)
Togian Water Monitor (Varanus togianus)
Togian Water Monitor (Varanus togianus) with fish. (1025k)
Cat Harassed Water Monitor
The cat harassed the water monitor so much that it eventually dropped the fish and fled. (1154k)
Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus sp.)
Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus sp., german: Hufeisennasen, french: Rhinolophe). (859k)
Flores Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis floresiensis)
Flores Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis floresiensis, german: Mähnenhirsch, french: Cerf rusa) and Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier). (830k)
Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis)
Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier). (666k)
Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis)
Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier). (664k)
Silvered Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus cristatus)
Silvered Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus cristatus, german: Silberner Haubenlangur, french: Semnopithèque à coiffe) with baby. (790k)
Thomas's Langur (Presbytis thomasi)
Female Thomas's Langur (Presbytis thomasi, german: Thomas-Langur, french: Semnopithèque de Thomas) with baby. (793k)
Thomas's Langur (Presbytis thomasi)
Male Thomas's Langur (Presbytis thomasi, german: Thomas-Langur, french: Semnopithèque de Thomas). It is endemic to Sumatra. (782k)
Thomas's Langur (Presbytis thomasi)
Close-up of Thomas's Langur (Presbytis thomasi, german: Thomas-Langur, french: Semnopithèque de Thomas). (533k)
Moor Macaque (Macaca maura)
Moor Macaques (Macaca maura, german: Mohrenmakak, french: Macaque maure) in a tree. They are endemic to the island of Sulawesi. (1274k)
Moor Macaque (Macaca maura)
Moor Macaque (Macaca maura, german: Mohrenmakak, french: Macaque maure) feeding in a tree. (1036k)
Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus)
Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus, german: Sumatra-Elefant, french: Éléphant de Sumatra). Notice that only the male has tusks. Females have no, or only very short turks. (1287k)
Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus)
Male Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus, german: Sumatra-Elefant, french: Éléphant de Sumatra). (1171k)
Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus)
Male Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus, german: Sumatra-Elefant, french: Éléphant de Sumatra). (1221k)
Baby Elephants
Baby elephants. (848k)

Videos of animals

Singing Cicada
Singing cicada. (25.5M)

Komodo Dragons

Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo), Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier), and Flores Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis floresiensis, german: Mähnenhirsch, french: Cerf rusa). (1248k)
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). This one was about 8 ft (2.4 m) long. (1173k)
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). This one was about 8 ft (2.4 m) long. (1.7M)
Walking Komodo Dragon Note
Walking Komodo Dragon. Note the long forked tongue. (1103k)
Female Komodo Dragon Digging
Female Komodo Dragon, digging a nest. (1361k)
Nesting Site Komodo Dragon
Nesting site of a Komodo Dragon. (1.9M)
Young Komodo Dragon While
Young Komodo Dragon. While the adults are active, the young ones stay in trees, since the adults are cannibals that eat the young. They come down to forage for food later in the day when the adults rest. (1271k)
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)
Close-up of a Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (1036k)
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)
Close-up of a Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (2.1M)

Videos of Komodo Dragons

Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)
Fishing Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (64.2M)
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)
Walking Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (55.4M)
Komodo Dragon Digging Nest
Komodo Dragon digging a nest. (72.9M)

Sumatran Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches)

From the Sumatran Lar Gibbon entry in Wikipedia:

The Sumatran Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches), also known as the Sumatran Lar Gibbon, is a subspecies of the lar gibbon, a primate in the gibbon family Hylobatidae. It is endemic to the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. It shares the tree tops with orangutans, which, like the gibbon, rarely come out of the trees due to predators, such as tigers and possibly sun bears.

Sumatran Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus)
Sumatran Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches). It is endemic to Sumatra. (716k)
Sumatran Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus)
Sumatran Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches) with baby. (1356k)

Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra)

From the Sumatran Orangutan entry in Wikipedia:

The Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) is one of the two species of orangutans. It is endemic to the Indonesian island of Sumatra and is rarer than the Northeast Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus morio, german: Borneo-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Bornéo). Its common name is based on two separate local words, "orang" ("people" or "person") and "hutan" ("forest"), and translates as "person of the forest".

Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Female Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra). It is endemic to Sumatra. (806k)
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Female Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) with baby. (809k)
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Female Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) with baby. (852k)
Baby Orangutan
Baby Orangutan. (895k)
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) swinging in a tree. (1292k)
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) in a tree. (1114k)
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) in a tree. (711k)
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra). (822k)
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Close-up of big male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra). (598k)
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Close-up of big male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra). (806k)

Flora in Indonesia

Fungus
Fungus. (1205k)
Fungus
Fungus. (690k)
Sensitive Plant (Mimosa pudica)
Sensitive Plant (Mimosa pudica, german: Mimose, french: Sensitive) before I touched it. (770k)
Sensitive Plant (Mimosa pudica)
Sensitive Plant (Mimosa pudica, german: Mimose, french: Sensitive) after I touched it. It started to fold up its leaves. (769k)
Temple Tree (Plumeria rubra)
Temple Tree (Plumeria rubra, german: Rote Frangipani, french: Frangipanier rouge). (434k)
Golden Trumpet (Allamanda cathartica)
Golden Trumpet (Allamanda cathartica, german: Goldtrompete, french: Liane à lait). (668k)
Bromeliad (Aechmea gamosepala)
Bromeliad (Aechmea gamosepala). (612k)
Decorative Basin Water Lilies
Decorative basin with water lilies. (870k)
Water Lilies
Water lilies. (670k)
Hibiscus (Hibiscus sp.)
Hibiscus (Hibiscus sp., german: Hibiskus). (684k)
Golden Shrimp Plant (Pachystachys lutea)
Golden Shrimp Plant flower (Pachystachys lutea). (560k)
Sacred Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)
Sacred Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera, german: Indische Lotosblume, french: Lotus sacré). (606k)
Rattan (Calamus sp.)
Rattan (Calamus sp., german: Rattanpalmen). It has vicious thorns. (745k)
Bamboo
Bamboo. (1463k)
Lianas Jungle
Lianas in the jungle. (1349k)
Jungle Tree
Jungle tree. (1309k)
Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp.)
Yellow Trumpet Flower tree (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten, french: Trompette des anges). (915k)
Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp.)
White Trumpet Flower tree (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten, french: Trompette des anges). (902k)
Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp.)
Close-up of a Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten, french: Trompette des anges). (732k)
Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp.)
Close-up of a Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten, french: Trompette des anges). (624k)
African Tuliptree (Spathodea campanulata)
African Tuliptree (Spathodea campanulata, german: Afrikanischer Tulpenbaum, french: Tulipier du Gabon). (1034k)
Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa)
Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa, german: Pappel-Feige, french: Figuier des pagodes) at Candi Mendut. (1068k)
Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis)
Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis, german: Banyan-Feige, french: Figuier des banians). (1494k)
Mangrove
Mangrove. (1144k)
Palms Along Puteh River
Palms along the Puteh River. (1166k)

This page contains 86 pictures with 41 species and 4 videos

Indonesia
Main page for Indonesia

Page last updated on Thu Jan 27 10:59:11 2022 (Mountain Standard Time)


Page last updated on Tue Dec 6 14:39:40 2022 (Mountain Standard Time)

Flora and Fauna in Indonesia on aerobaticsweb.org


© Dr. Günther Eichhorn
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